CCNA1 R&S Chapter 6

Date Subject Lesson Plan
01/23/17 CCNA1
Section 1

BPA Contest Prep
Rubric: Judged Contest
Rubric: Non-Judged Written Contests

Contest: Computer Network Technology (9:00)
Contest: Fundamental Spreadsheet Applications
Contest: Personal Financial Management

  A+ Hardware None today
01/24/17 CCNA1
Section 1

BPA Prep

Contest: Computer Security
Contest: Network Administration using Microsoft
Contest: Information Technology Concepts (open event)

  A+ Hardware None today
01/25/17 CCNA1

BPA Prep

Contest: PC Servicing & Troubleshooting
Contest: Systems Administration using Cisco

  A+ Hardware None today
01/26/17 CCNA1

BPA Prep

Last day to prep - forms need to submitted

  A+ Hardware None today
01/27/17 CCNA1 BPA Judged Contests @ CVCC
  A+ BPA Judged Contests @ CVCC
01/30/17 CCNA1 Snow Day
  A+ Snow Day
01/31/17 CCNA1

Discussion: Chapter 6 Network Layer Tour
Activity: The road less traveled . . . or is it?

  • Layer 3 - Network Layer
    • Addressing end devices
    • Encapsulation
    • Routing
    • De-encapsulation

Discussion: Network Layer Protocols

  • IPv4 & IPv6
  • Legacy: IPX/SPX (Novell Netware), Appletalk, ISO, DECnet

Discussion: Encapsulating IP

  • Layer 4 segments are encapsulated within Layer 3 pacjets.

Discussion: Characteristics of IP

  • Connectionless
  • Best Effort
  • Media Independent

Discussion: IP-Connectionless

Discussion: IP-Best Effort

Discussion: IP-Media Independent

Activity: IP Characteristics

Discussion: IPv4 Packet Header

  • Source/Destination IP Address
  • Time-to-Live (TTL)
  • Version
  • Differentiated Services
  • Protocol

Video: Sample IPv4 Headers in Wireshark

Activity: IPv4 Header Fields

Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 1-10

  A+ None today
02/01/17 CCNA1

Article: ARIN Finally Runs Out of IPv4 Addresses


  • Limitations of IPv4
    • IP address depletion
    • Internet routing table expansion
    • Lack of end-to-enfd connectivity

Discussion: Intro to IPv6

  • Benefits if IPv6
    • Increased address space
    • Improved packet handling
    • Eliminates need for NAT (Network Address Resolution Protocol)

Discussion: Encapsulating IPv6

  • Much simpler IP header (less router cpu processing)
  • Larger payload
  • Hierarchical network architecture
  • Autoconfiguration for addresses
  • Eliminate need for NAT

Discussion: IPv6 Packet Header

  • Version (IPv6)
  • Traffic Class (Differentiated services)
  • Flow label (same type of handling)'
  • Payload length (indicated length of payload)
  • Next Header (same as protocol header IPv4)
  • Hop Limit (same as IPv4 TTL)
  • Source/Destination Address

Video: Sample IPv6 Headers and Wireshark

Activity: IPv6 Header Fields

Assignment: Study Guide 11-16

Video: CBTNugg2 #19: Routing - Understanding Routing Core (35:15)

Homework Assignment: Study for Section 1 Quiz

  A+ None today
02/02/17 CCNA1

Quiz: Chapter 6, Section 1
Start Section 2

Discussion: Host Forwarding Decisions

  • Itself ( - Pinging youself)
  • Local host (network portion of destination matches your own)
  • Remote host (network address differs from your own)
    • If remote host, must use default gateway to reach

Discussion: Default Gateway

  • No way to get packet to remote host if default gateway isn't known

Discussion: Using the Default Gateway

  • A host has a routing table to determine where to send packets
    • Host routing table will contain DG address
    • DG address learned via DHCP or statically assigned by administrator.
  • Use command netstat -r to view host routing table
    • Interface list
    • IPv4 Route Table
    • IPv6 Route Table

Discussion: Router Packet Forwarding Decision

  • Directly-connected routes
    • Learned because interface is configured to connect network
  • Remote routes
    • Statically administred
    • Learned through dynamic routing protocol (RIP, OSPF, EIGRP, IS-IS, etc)
  • Default route
    • Route of last resort (statically administred)

Discussion: IPv4 Router Routing Table

  • Can be viewed using show ip route command
  • You must be able to interpret info from table

Video: Introducing the IPv4 Routing Table (5:25)

Discussion: Directly Connected Routing Rable Entries

  • C - directly connected
  • L - local interface

Discussion: Remote Network Routing Table Entries (Different than directly connected)

  • Practice until you can read a routing table entry easily

Discussion: Next-Hop Address

  • Address of target interface on neighboring router

Video: Explaining the IPv4 Routing Table (4:50)

Activity: Identify Elements of a Router Table Entry
Assignment: Study Guide 17-33
Homework: Study for section 2 Quiz

  A+ None today
02/03/17 CCNA1 BPA Regional Awards
BPA Awards Ceremony Parma Senior HS
If no parent signed field trip form must go to ISR
  A+ BPA Regional Awards
02/06/17 CCNA1 Quiz: Kahoot: CCNA1 5.1 Chapter 6, Section 2

Discussion: WLANs

  • Ad-Hoc Mode
  • Infrastucure Mode
    • Uses an AP to provide administration

Discussion: PANs

  • Usually within 3 meters
  • Bluetooth
  • NFC (new)

Discussion: MANs

  • Large campus or city
  • Usually wireless or fiber
  • Can be very high speed

Discussion: WANs

  • Connections between LANs
  • The Internet can be a WAN connection

Discussion: Peer-to-Peer Networks

  • Know advantages/disadvantages

Discussion: Client-Server Networks

  • Server software
  • Client software
  • Administrated by central server
    • Backups
    • Security
  • As bandwidth availbility increases, server is being moved remotely
    • More users using fewer servers
    • Decreases need for systems administrators

Activity: Matching Network Types

Assignment: Study Guide 28-44

02/07/17 CCNA1 None today

Discussion: Open Standards

Discussion: Protocols

  • Identifying and handling errors
  • Compressing the data
  • Determining how data is to be divided and packaged
  • Addressing data packets
  • Determining how to announce the sending and receiving of data packets

Discussion: OSI Reference Model

Discussion: OSI Reference Model

Discussion: TCP/IP Model

Discussion: Protocol Data Units (PDUs)

Discussion: Encapsulation

Discussion: De-Encapsulation

Discussion: Comparing OSI and TCP/IP Models

Discussion: CSMA/CD

Discussion: Ethernet Cable Standards

Discussion: CSMA/CA

Discussion: Wireless Standards

Discussion: Wireless Security

  • Video: Professor Messer: Wireless Encryption (3:24)
  • Open System Authentication
  • Shared key authentication
  • WEP
  • WPA
  • WPA2

Assignment: Study Guide 45-70
Homework: Study for Chapter 7, Section 2 Quiz

02/08/17 CCNA1 None today

Quiz: Chapter 7, Section 2
Discussion: Modems

  • Professor Messer: Internet Connection Types (7:35)
  • Modems prepare signal for ISP's network
    • DSL (ADSL is popular)
    • HFC - Hybrid fiber coax

Discussion: Hubs, Bridges, and Switches

  • YouTube: Professor Messer: Network Devices (9:42)
  • Hubs (layer 1)
  • Bridges & Repeaters (layer 1)
  • Switches - microsegmentation (layer 2)

Discussion: Wireless Access Points and Routers

  • Wireless Access Points
  • Routers

Discussion: Hardware Firewalls

  • Offers protection (usually by ACL)
  • Before choosing, consider:
    • Space
    • Cost
    • Number of computers
    • Performance

Discussion: Other Devices

  • Patch panels
  • Repeaters (extenders) - especially wireless/fiber optic
  • Power over Ethernet (PoE)
    • Can use power injectors if switch ports aren't PoE

Activity: Identify Network Devices

Discussion: Coaxial Cables

  • Know the parts!
  • Coaxial Connectors:
    • BNC, N type, F type
  • 10BASE5 - Thicknet
  • 10BASE2 - Thinnet
  • RG-59 for cable TV
  • RG-6 for more bandwidth

Discussion: Twisted-Pair Cables

  • UTP & STP
  • RJ-46 Plugs and sockets

Discussion: Twisted-Pair Category Ratings

  • Know the speeds and length of various categories

Discussion: Twisted-Pair Wire Schemes

  • Professor Messer: Network Cabling (10:11)
  • T568A & T568B
  • Straight Through vs Crossover
  • Read the NOTE: Auto-MDIX

Activity: Cable Pinouts

Lab: (Skip)

02/09/17 CCNA1

Review Section 2
Start Section 3
Discussion: A Router is a Computer

  • Branch (CCNA concentration)
  • WAN
  • Service Provider

Discussion: Router CPU and OS

  • Router has CPU and OS (IOS)
  • Routers are specialized computers
  • Can be configured with many ports, wireless, etc.

Discussion: Router Memory

  • RAM (512 MB upgradable to 2 GB)
  • Flash (Max 4 GB per slot)

Discussion: Inside a Router

  • Click on areas of router to learn components

Discussion: Connect to a Router

  • Note slots in router for special function cards
  • Some ports are integrated onto the motherboard

Discussion: LAN and WAN Interfaces

  • Console
  • VTY - Telnet & SSH
  • AUX
  • Every interface MUST be in its own network - no overlap!!


PT: Exploring Internetworking Devices (25 min)

Assignment: Study Guide 34-42


(Finish from yesterday)
PT: Cabling a Simple Network

Discussion: Fiber-Optic Cables

  • Not suseptible to RFI & EMI
  • Know the parts!

Discussion: Types of Fiber Media

  • Single-mode & Multimode

Discussion: Fiber-Optic Connectors

  • Learn to identify!

Assignment: Study Guide 71-109

02/10/17 CCNA1

Video: CCNA 3-Minute Tutorial: The Router Boot Sequence (4:18)


  • IOS and Startup config copied into RAM on system start


  1. Perform POST and load bootstrap
  2. Locate and load IOS into RAM
  3. Locate and load startup-config into RAM

Video: Router Bootup Process (4:28)

Discussion: Show Version Output

  • One of the most useful show commands.
    • Is like "System" info in Windows
  • REALLY study this output so you can interpret the info presented

Video: The show version Command (4:40)

Activity: The Router Boot Process

Lab: Exploring Router Physical Characteristics (50 Min)

Assignment: Study Guide 43-51
Homework: Study for Chapter 6, Section 3 Quiz

  A+ None today
02/13/17 CCNA1

Quiz: Kahoot: Chapter 6, Section 3 Quiz
Start Section 4
Discussion: Basic Switch Configuration Steps

  • Hostname
  • Console
  • VTY (0-4)
  • Priviledge EXEC
  • Service password-encryption
  • Banner
  • SVI (vlan 1)
  • Copy run start

Discussion: Basic Router Configuration Steps
Discussion: (6) Syntax Checker - Basic Router Configs

  • Hostname
  • Console
  • VTY (0-15)
  • Priviledge EXEC
  • Service password-encryption
  • Banner
  • SVI (vlan 1)
  • Copy run start

PT: "Configure Initial Router Settings" (20 min)

Discussion: Configure Router Interfaces
Discussion: (3) Syntax Checker

  • Take notes/remember steps to configure LAN interfaces

Discussion: Verify Interface Configuration

  • Once configuraed, ALWAYS ping to make sure it works!
  • show ip int brief
  • show interfaces
  • show ip route

Discussion: Default Gateway for a Host

  • Default gateway address must be in the subnet attached to

Discussion: Default Gateway for a Switch
Discussion: (2) Syntax Checker

  • Default gateway for a switch must be configured for REMOTE access.
Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 43-59
  A+ None today
02/14/17 CCNA1 PT: Connect a Router to a LAN
Lab: 5.3.5 Configuring Basic Router Settings with IOS (Cisco Discovery 2 Curriculum)
Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 43-59 (turn in)

None today

02/15/17 CCNA1 None today
  A+ Hardware Discussion:
Lab: Configure a NIC to Use DHCP in Windows
PT: Adding Computers to an Existing Network
Assignment: Chapter 7 Study Guide 110-133
02/16/17 CCNA1
None today
  A+ Hardware Discussion:
Activity TCP vs. UDP
Activity: Protocol Definitions and Ports
Assignment: Chapter 7 Study Guide 134-139 (finish & turn in)
Homework: Study for Chapter 7 Test
02/17/17 CCNA1 None today
  A+ Hardware Visitor Speaker - Cleveland Clinic IT Dept.
A+ Test Review Chapter 7
A+ Chapter 7 Test
02/21/17 CCNA1

PT: Troubleshooting Default Gateway Issues
Activity: Can You Read This Map?
Lab: Building a Switch and Router Network
Homework: Study for Chapter 6 Test

Video: Cisco Netacad Routing and Switching v6.0 - Chapter 6 (17:09)

  A+ Hardware None today
02/22/17 CCNA1 PT: Skills Integration Challenge
Review Chapter 6
Test: Chapter 6 (moved to Tuesday)
  A+ Hardware Review Chapter 7
Test: A+ Chapter 7 (moved to Tuesday)

Chapter 6 Jeopardy
Cisco Quick Learning Module - Internet Layer