CCNA1 R&S Chapter 6

Date Subject Lesson Plan
02/05/18 CCNA1

Discussion: Chapter 6 Network Layer Tour
Discussion: 6.0.1.1- 6.0.1.2
Activity: 6.0.1.1 The Road Less Traveled . . . or is it?
Discussion: 6.1.1.1 The Network Layer (q. 1-2)

  • Layer 3 - Network Layer
    • Addressing end devices
    • Encapsulation
    • Routing
    • De-encapsulation

Discussion: 6.1.1.2 Network Layer Protocols (q. 3)

  • IPv4 & IPv6
  • Legacy: IPX/SPX (Novell Netware), Appletalk, ISO, DECnet

Discussion: 6.1.2.1 Encapsulating IP (q. 4)

  • Layer 4 segments are encapsulated within Layer 3 packets.

Discussion: 6.1.2.2 Characteristics of IP (q. 5)

  • Connectionless
  • Best Effort
  • Media Independent

Discussion: 6.1.2.3 IP-Connectionless (q. 6)

Discussion: 6.1.2.4 IP-Best Effort (q. 7)

Discussion: 6.1.2.5 IP-Media Independent (q. 8-10)

Activity: 6.1.2.6 IP Characteristics (q. 11)

Discussion: 6.1.3.1 IPv4 Packet Header (q. 12)

  • Source/Destination IP Address
  • Time-to-Live (TTL)
  • Version
  • Differentiated Services
  • Protocol

Video: 6.1.3.2 Sample IPv4 Headers in Wireshark (q. 13-14)

Activity: 6.1.3.3 IPv4 Header Fields (q. 15)

Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 1-15

  A+ Hardware Review: Chapter 4 PowerPoint
Review: Chapter 4 Practice Quiz
Test: Chapter 4
02/06/18 CCNA1

Article: ARIN Finally Runs Out of IPv4 Addresses

Note: Will be going to lab when parents arrive

Discussion: 6.1.4.1 Limitations of IPv4 (q. 16)

  • Limitations of IPv4
    • IP address depletion
    • Internet routing table expansion
    • Lack of end-to-enfd connectivity

Discussion: 6.1.4.2 Intro to IPv6 (q. 17-18)

  • Benefits if IPv6
    • Increased address space
    • Improved packet handling
    • Eliminates need for NAT (Network Address Resolution Protocol)

Discussion: 6.1.4.3 Encapsulating IPv6 (q. 19)

  • Much simpler IP header (less router cpu processing)
  • Larger payload
  • Hierarchical network architecture
  • Autoconfiguration for addresses
  • Eliminate need for NAT

Discussion: 6.1.4.4 IPv6 Packet Header (q. 20)

  • Version (IPv6)
  • Traffic Class (Differentiated services)
  • Flow label (same type of handling)'
  • Payload length (indicated length of payload)
  • Next Header (same as protocol header IPv4)
  • Hop Limit (same as IPv4 TTL)
  • Source/Destination Address

Video: 6.1.4.5 Sample IPv6 Headers and Wireshark (q. 21-23)

Activity: 6.1.4.6 IPv6 Header Fields (q. 24)

Video: CBTNugg2 #19: Routing - Understanding Routing Core (35:15)

Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 16-24
Homework Assignment: Study for Section 1 Quiz


  A+ Hardware None today
02/07/18 CCNA1

Quiz: Chapter 6, Section 1
Start Section 2

Discussion: 6.2.1.1 Host Forwarding Decisions (q. 25)

  • Itself (127.0.0.1 - Pinging youself)
  • Local host (network portion of destination matches your own)
  • Remote host (network address differs from your own)
    • If remote host, must use default gateway to reach

Discussion: 6.2.1.2 Default Gateway (q. 27-28)

  • No way to get packet to remote host if default gateway isn't known

Discussion: 6.2.1.3 Using the Default Gateway (q. 29-30)

  • A host has a routing table to determine where to send packets
    • Host routing table will contain DG address
    • DG address learned via DHCP or statically assigned by administrator.
  • Use command netstat -r to view host routing table
    • Interface list
    • IPv4 Route Table
    • IPv6 Route Table

Discussion: 6.2.1.4 Host Routing Tables (q. 31-34)

Discussion: 6.2.2.1 Router Packet Forwarding Decision (q. 35-37)

  • Directly-connected routes
    • Learned because interface is configured to connect network
  • Remote routes
    • Statically administred
    • Learned through dynamic routing protocol (RIP, OSPF, EIGRP, IS-IS, etc)
  • Default route
    • Route of last resort (statically administred)

Discussion: 6.2.2.2 IPv4 Router Routing Table (q. 38-40)

  • Can be viewed using show ip route command
  • You must be able to interpret info from table

Video: 6.2.2.3 Introducing the IPv4 Routing Table (5:25) (q. 41-45)

Discussion: 6.2.2.4 Directly Connected Routing Rable Entries (q. 46)

  • C - directly connected
  • L - local interface

Discussion: 6.2.2.5 Remote Network Routing Table Entries (Different than directly connected) (q. 47-49)

  • Practice until you can read a routing table entry easily

Discussion: 6.2.2.6 Next-Hop Address (q. 50-51)

  • Address of target interface on neighboring router

Video: 6.2.2.7 Explaining the IPv4 Routing Table (4:50) (q. 52-53)

Activity: 6.2.2.8 Identify Elements of a Router Table Entry (q. 54)


Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 25-54
Homework: Study for sections 1&2 Quiz

  A+ Hardware None today
02/08/18 CCNA1

Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 25-54 (Due tomorrow)
Homework: Study for sections 1&2 Quiz

  A+ Hardware

Start Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 Tour

Discussion: 7.0.1.1-7.1.2.1

Discussion: 7.1.2.2 WLANs

  • Ad-Hoc Mode
  • Infrastucure Mode
    • Uses an AP to provide administration

Discussion: 7.1.2.3 PANs

  • Usually within 3 meters
  • Bluetooth
  • NFC (new)

Discussion: 7.1.2.4 MANs

  • Large campus or city
  • Usually wireless or fiber
  • Can be very high speed

Discussion: 7.1.2.5 WANs

  • Connections between LANs
  • The Internet can be a WAN connection

Discussion: 7.1.2.6 Peer-to-Peer Networks

  • Know advantages/disadvantages

Discussion: 7.1.2.7 Client-Server Networks

  • Server software
  • Client software
  • Administrated by central server
    • Backups
    • Security
  • As bandwidth availbility increases, server is being moved remotely
    • More users using fewer servers
    • Decreases need for systems administrators

Activity: 7.1.2.8 Matching Network Types

Assignment: Study Guide 1-44

02/09/18 CCNA1 Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 25-54 (due in morning)
Quiz: Chapter 6, Sections 1&2 Quiz (Open book)
  A+

Discussion: 7.2.1.1 Open Standards (q. 45-47)

Discussion: 7.2.1.2 Protocols (q. 48)

  • Identifying and handling errors
  • Compressing the data
  • Determining how data is to be divided and packaged
  • Addressing data packets
  • Determining how to announce the sending and receiving of data packets

Discussion: 7.2.1.3 OSI Reference Model (q. 49-50)

  • You must have this memorized by now.
    • Sequence & role of each layer

Discussion: 7.2.1.4 TCP/IP Model (q. 51-52)

  • You must have this memorized by now
    • Sequence & role of each layer

Discussion: 7.2.1.5 - 7.2.1.6 Protocol Data Units (PDUs) (q. 53)

Discussion: 7.2.1.7 De-Encapsulation (q. 54)

Discussion: 7.2.1.8 Comparing OSI and TCP/IP Models (q. 55)

Discussion: 7.2.2.1 CSMA/CD (q. 56-58)

Discussion: 7.2.2.2 Ethernet Cable Standards (q. 59-62)

Discussion: 7.2.2.3 CSMA/CA (q. 63)

Discussion: 7.2.2.4 Wireless Standards (q. 64-66)

Discussion: 7.2.2.5 Wireless Security (q. 67-70)
Video: Professor Messer: Wireless Encryption (3:24)

  • Open System Authentication
  • Shared key authentication
  • WEP
  • WPA
  • WPA2

Assignment: Study Guide 45-70
Homework: Study for Chapter 7, Section 1 & 2 Quiz

02/12/18 CCNA1 None today
  A+

Quiz: Chapter 7, Section 2
Discussion: 7.3.1.1 Modems (q. 71)

  • Professor Messer: Internet Connection Types (7:35)
  • Modems prepare signal for ISP's network
    • DSL (ADSL is popular)
    • HFC - Hybrid fiber coax

Discussion: 7.3.1.2 Hubs, Bridges, and Switches (q. 72-77)

  • YouTube: Professor Messer: Network Devices (9:42)
  • Hubs (layer 1)
  • Bridges & Repeaters (layer 1)
  • Switches - microsegmentation (layer 2)

Discussion: 7.3.1.3 Wireless Access Points and Routers (q. 78-81)

  • Wireless Access Points
  • Routers

Discussion: 7.3.1.4 Hardware Firewalls (q. 82-84)

  • Offers protection (usually by ACL)
  • Before choosing, consider:
    • Space
    • Cost
    • Number of computers
    • Performance

Discussion: 7.3.1.5 Other Devices (q. 85-87)

  • Patch panels
  • Repeaters (extenders) - especially wireless/fiber optic
  • Power over Ethernet (PoE)
    • Can use power injectors if switch ports aren't PoE

Activity: 7.3.1.6 Identify Network Devices

Discussion: 7.3.2.1 Coaxial Cables (q. 88-90)

  • Know the parts!
  • Coaxial Connectors:
    • BNC, N type, F type
  • 10BASE5 - Thicknet
  • 10BASE2 - Thinnet
  • RG-59 for cable TV
  • RG-6 for more bandwidth

Discussion: 7.3.2.2 Twisted-Pair Cables (q. 91-101)

  • UTP & STP
  • RJ-46 Plugs and sockets

Discussion: 7.3.2.3 Twisted-Pair Category Ratings (q. none)

  • Know the speeds and length of various categories

Discussion: 7.3.2.4 Twisted-Pair Wire Schemes (q. 102-104)

  • Professor Messer: Network Cabling (10:11)
  • T568A & T568B
  • Straight Through vs Crossover
  • Read the NOTE: Auto-MDIX

Activity: 7.3.2.5 Cable Pinouts

Lab: 7.3.2.6 (Skip)

Assignment: Chapter 7 Study Guide 71-104

02/13/18 CCNA1

Review Section 2
Start Section 3
Discussion: 6.3.1.1 A Router is a Computer (q. 55-56)

  • Branch (CCNA concentration)
  • WAN
  • Service Provider

Discussion: 6.3.1.2 Router CPU and OS (q. 57-58)

  • Router has CPU and OS (IOS)
  • Routers are specialized computers
  • Can be configured with many ports, wireless, etc.

Discussion: 6.3.1.3 Router Memory (q. 59-61)

  • RAM (512 MB upgradable to 2 GB)
  • ROM (ROMMON)
  • NVRAM
  • Flash (Max 4 GB per slot)

Discussion: 6.3.1.4 Inside a Router (q. 62)

  • Click on areas of router to learn components

Discussion: 6.3.1.5 Connect to a Router (q. 63)

  • Note slots in router for special function cards
  • Some ports are integrated onto the motherboard

Discussion: 6.3.1.6 LAN and WAN Interfaces (q. 64-66)

  • Console
  • VTY - Telnet & SSH
  • AUX
  • Every interface MUST be in its own network - no overlap!!

Activity: 6.3.1.7 Identify Router Components (q. 67)

PT: 6.3.1.8 Exploring Internetworking Devices (45 min)

  • Use the connection tables in the back of the lab packet!
  • Experiment placing modules in different numbered slots

Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 55-67

  A+

None today

02/14/18 CCNA1

Video: CCNA 3-Minute Tutorial: The Router Boot Sequence (4:18)

Discussion: 6.3.2.1 Bootset Files (q. 68-70)

  • IOS and Startup config copied into RAM on system start

Discussion: Router Bootup Process 6.3.2.2 (Memorize this sequence) (q. 71)

  1. Perform POST and load bootstrap
  2. Locate and load IOS into RAM
  3. Locate and load startup-config into RAM

Video: 6.3.2.3 Router Bootup Process (4:28) (q. 72-73)

Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 68-73

  A+

PT: 7.3.2.7 Cabling a Simple Network

Discussion: 7.3.2.8 Fiber-Optic Cables

  • Not suseptible to RFI & EMI
  • Know the parts!

Discussion: 7.3.2.9 Types of Fiber Media

  • Single-mode & Multimode

Discussion: 7.3.2.10 Fiber-Optic Connectors

  • Learn to identify!

Assignment: Chapter 7 Study Guide 105-109

02/15/18 CCNA1

Video: CiscoPress: Lesson 2, Understanding a Router's Boot Sequence (2:42)

Discussion: 6.3.2.4 Show Version Output (q. 74-75)

  • One of the most useful show commands.
    • Is like "System" info in Windows
  • REALLY study this output so you can interpret the info presented

Video: 6.3.2.5 The show version Command (4:40) (q. 76-77)

Activity: 6.3.2.6 The Router Boot Process (q. 78)

Lab: 6.3.2.7 Exploring Router Physical Characteristics (50 Min)

Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 74-78

  A+

None today

02/16/18 CCNA1

Start Section 4
Discussion: 6.4.1.1 Basic Switch Configuration Steps (q. 79)

  • Hostname
  • Console
  • VTY (0-4)
  • Priviledge EXEC
  • Service password-encryption
  • Banner
  • SVI (vlan 1)
  • Copy run start

Discussion: 6.4.1.2 Basic Router Configuration Steps (q. 80)
Discussion: 6.4.1.2 (6) Syntax Checker - Basic Router Configs

  • Hostname
  • Console
  • VTY (0-15)
  • Priviledge EXEC
  • Service password-encryption
  • Banner
  • SVI (vlan 1)
  • Copy run start

PT: 6.4.1.3 Configure Initial Router Settings & optional section (20 min)

Discussion: 6.4.2.1 Configure Router Interfaces (q. 81)
Discussion: 6.4.2.1 (3) Syntax Checker

  • Take notes/remember steps to configure LAN interfaces

Discussion: 6.4.2.2 Verify Interface Configuration (q. 82-83)

  • Once configuraed, ALWAYS ping to make sure it works!
  • show ip int brief
  • show interfaces
  • show ip route

Discussion: 6.4.3.1 Default Gateway for a Host (q. 84-85)

  • Default gateway address must be in the subnet attached to

Discussion: 6.4.3.2 Default Gateway for a Switch (q. 86-87)
Discussion: 6.4.3.2 (2) Syntax Checker

  • Default gateway for a switch must be configured for REMOTE access.
Assignment: Chapter 6 Study Guide 79-87
  A+ None today
02/20/18 CCNA1

PT: 6.4.3.3 Connect a Router to a LAN

Lab: 5.3.5 Configuring Basic Router Settings with IOS (Cisco Discovery 2 Curriculum)

  A+

None today

02/21/18 CCNA1 Review: PT: 6.4.1.3 Configure Initial Router Settings
Review: PT: 6.4.3.3 Connect a Router to a LAN
Please turn in completed study guides
  A+

Discussion: 7.4.1.1-7.4.1.10
Lab: 7.4.1.11 Configure a NIC to Use DHCP in Windows
PT: 7.4.1.12 Adding Computers to an Existing Network
Assignment: Chapter 7 Study Guide 110-133

02/22/18 CCNA1 Lab Time - Finish labs
  A+

Discussion: 7.4.1.2-7.4.2.6
Activity 7.4.2.7 TCP vs. UDP
Activity: 7.4.2.8 Protocol Definitions and Ports
Assignment: Chapter 7 Study Guide 134-139 (finish & turn in)
Homework: Study for Chapter 7 Test

02/23/18 CCNA1

PT: 6.4.3.4 Troubleshooting Default Gateway Issues

  A+

A+ Test Review Chapter 7
A+ Chapter 7 Test

02/26/18 CCNA1

Activity: Can You Read This Map?
Lab: 6.5.1.2 Building a Switch and Router Network
Homework: Study for Chapter 6 Test

Video: Cisco Netacad Routing and Switching v6.0 - Chapter 6 (17:09)


  A+ None today
02/27/18 CCNA1

Review Chapter 6
Test: Chapter 6
PT: Skills Integration Challenge

  A+ None today
02/28/18 CCNA1


  A+


  Resources

Chapter 6 Jeopardy
Cisco Quick Learning Module - Internet Layer